Child Recruitment and Deployment
|The Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MEK or MKO)
also known as the People's Mojahedin of Iran (PMOI)
- 15,000 fighters
This group includes the National Liberation Army (NLA) of Iran as an armed wing and the Muslim Iranian Student's Society as a front organisation. It is the largest and most active Iranian opposition group outside the country. The MKO was founded in 1965, advocating an anti-Western platform which combines Marxism and Islam. It is now based in Iraq. The MKO has launched an international campaign against the Iranian Government through propaganda, street demonstrations and violence. Women play a prominent role in the organisation.
There are reports that children under 18 have been recruited from Sweden to MKO camps. In 2000, following a visit by President Khatami, the German Government closed hostels that were reportedly used by the MKO to raise money and train cadres. There have also been regular but unconfirmed reports of the MKO trafficking children from camps in Iraq to Europe and North America.